Premenstrual syndrome affects women suffering from any chronic illness, or those whose work involves regular occupational hazard or mental stress. PSM is also typical for girls who do not have menstruation, as well as for patients who have undergone surgery to remove the uterus. The prerequisites may be hormonal contraception, abortion, various kinds of infections and so on.
The exact cause of PMS has not yet been determined. Similar symptoms have been associated with changes in the ratio of sex hormones in the blood concentration of the biologically active additives (such as serotonin, prostaglandin, etc.). An important role in the formation of psychosocial factors play a syndrome - PMS is more common in women who regularly suffer from the effects of stress. Some symptoms of premenstrual syndrome associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals in food consumption of large amounts of salt, alcohol and coffee. Has a definite value and hereditary factor.
The main symptom of PMS - cyclical. Unpleasant sensations arise within a certain time before the critical days and disappear from their beginning or a little later. It is known to 150 typical PMS symptoms, which can be divided into five groups depending on the form of premenstrual syndrome.
Neytropsihicheskaya form is based on the behavior of women. It is characterized by insomnia, anxiety, frequent mood swings, melancholy, feelings of depression, tearfulness, confusion, forgetfulness. Irritability develops into a prolonged depression, there is a general weakness, fatigue, drowsiness. There is a feeling of self-pity and people around. Pupils and students marked decline in academic performance, conflict situations with friends and teachers. In very severe cases hallucinations and even suicide attempts.
Edematous form is the most common. For her numerous peculiar swelling and a sharp increase in body weight. The consequence of all are a pain in the breasts, abdomen, bloating, diarrhea. For this group is also characterized by headaches and aching joints.
Leading syndromes cephalgic form of premenstrual syndrome are vegetative-vascular and neurological syndromes. These include: rapid heartbeat, heart pain, usually does not subside even after taking validol or nitroglycerin, hypersensitivity to smells and sounds, nervousness. For this form of PMS inherent similarity of migraine headaches, usually throbbing, starting from the temporal region. The possible emergence of a sense of "bulging" of the eyeball. Pain sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Crisis form is characterized by increased blood pressure, tachycardia, cardiac pain without ECG changes, panic disorder and disordered breathing (shortness of breath, inability to take a deep breath, feeling a lump in the throat), and others. The end of the crisis is accompanied by copious diuresis. Crisis form develops as a result of untreated edematous, and cephalgic neuropsychic forms and usually appear after forty years.
Atapicheskoy form of PMS signs are fever, drowsiness, uncontrollable vomiting, angioedema, seizures, epilepsy, ulcerative stomatitis. Characterized by the formation of eczema and neurodermatitis, allergic reactions, runny nose and other typical symptoms.
Generally, these forms do not exist separately from each other. Therefore, treatment of PMS is simtomatichesky character.
It is suitable in combination medications (non-steroidal agents, antidepressants, diuretics, oral contraceptives, hormonal drugs), physical therapy, different types of massage, acupuncture, special psychotherapy.
Women suffering from symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, it is necessary to change the way of life in the second half of the menstrual cycle. Should rest more, review the food, the deletion of the caffeine, alcohol, tea, spicy and salty foods. Useful as regular exercise, swimming, running and gymnastics.