Acne (acne, acne) - is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Due to the increase in testosterone levels, which is characteristic of puberty, increased activity of the sebaceous glands. When insufficiently effective daily cleaning of the skin glands are clogged ducts plugs containing sebaceous and desquamated epithelium of the stratum corneum. These sealed bags begins to multiply bacterial flora. Inflammation develops and joins the secondary pathogenic flora. The process of inflammation is continuously capturing all the new areas of skin, and in severe cases, spreads to other parts of the body.
Factors contributing to the development of acne, in addition to hormonal changes and poor quality cleaning person are also unhealthy diet and self (squeezing blackheads).
Treatment should begin with a change in diet. Avoid all fatty, spicy, flour and sweet dishes. All these lead to excessive sebum formation. Every day, eat dairy products with low fat, fresh fruit and vegetables. Avoid foods with a high content of iodine - sea salt and cabbage.
Acne is often accompanied by diseases of the digestive system. Chronic gastritis, colitis and Biliary dyskinesia is likely to disrupt digestive function. If you are suffering from any diseases of these organs, pass inspection at the gastroenterologist and follow all recommendations of your doctor.
Daily cleansing of the skin should be carried out by means of a neutral pH. Soaps and lotions spirtosoderazhaschie not use, cleaning should be soft. Avoid excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays. In small doses, it is useful, ie. To. Neutralize surface pathogenic flora in the large - leading to issushivaniyu skin and microcracks. They will serve as a portal of entry for bacteria. Before going out moisturize skin cream, preferably with uv filter. Pick up the cream hypoallergenic and those that do not clog pores (nekamedonnye).
If the skin there are black spots, or comedones, eliminate them using keratolytic ointments containing azelaic acid. Kamedony - potential acne is clogged sebaceous glands, which can be involved in the inflammatory process. Use a 1% solution of salicylic acid for the treatment of inflamed skin, it helps to soften the stratum corneum and exfoliates dead skin cells with horny plugs that clog the mouth of the sebaceous glands.
If keratolytic agents do not give the desired effect or poorly tolerated, with moderate to severe acne flow doctor prescribes antibiotioterapiyu. In severe use a combination of external and internal use of antibacterial drugs. Use the tools erythromycin and tetracycline. Therapy following a course marked improvement occurs after 2 weeks of treatment.
Additionally used darsonvalization, laser and cryotherapy. The choice of method and timing of the physician assigns.