Xylitol and sorbitol produced from various plants, they are polyhydric alcohols. These sweeteners are not carbohydrates. They are much sweeter than sucrose, and also do not cause the secretion of insulin. Less sorbitol and xylitol is that they are a source of a plurality of "empty" calories. If ingested, the body first uses those calories and not spend the rest, which also leads to the accumulation of fat. With a large use of these sweeteners may experience nausea and poor digestion.
For sweeteners such as saccharin and cyclamate characteristic is that they contain no calories. These are the usual substances which have a sweet taste. Alas, in European countries have banned them as it was recently found to be carcinogenic effect.
Aspartame is by far the most popular substitute. He is safe and does not contain calories. But now, recent studies have shown that long-term use of aspartame can cause allergies, headaches, insomnia and depression.
Who is the most secure and trusted sweetener are stevia extracts, tropical shrub native to South and Central America. The substance of this plant (stevioside) sweet taste and no calories. So far, side effects when it is used without being detected.
When buying a sweetener carefully study the label. If you find it harmful substances, which have been described above, it is better to leave such a replacement on the shelves.