The reason for this physiological process is the change in hormonal levels. Every woman carries menopause differently. Some people do not notice it almost offensive in others develops climacteric syndrome - a pathological condition that occurs on a background of menopause, and is characterized by disorders of the endocrine, vegetative-vascular, nervous and other body systems.
Early symptoms of the climacteric syndrome include chills, excessive sweating, heat waves, heart palpitations, and irritability, fatigue, inattention, depression and decreased libido.
After one to three years and may show other symptoms of menopause. They are characterized by dryness of the skin and mucous membranes, brittle nails, hair loss, pain in the bladder, burning and itching in the genital area. More than half of the women begin to gain weight.
From about 45 years dramatically increases the risk of hip fracture as a result of osteoporosis. In this case, 20% of women die within 6 months due to the addition of a secondary infection, and half - disabled.
In addition, the women of this age increases the incidence of diabetes, urogenital infections, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction, which are the main causes of death among women after 45 years.
Five or more years since menopause occur metabolic disorders: atherosclerosis, hypertension and weight gain, loss of memory, hearing and vision, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and other diseases.
Menopause occurs average of 50 years. If menstruation ceases to 45 years - it is considered early menopause, and 40 - premature. At this time, menopausal syndrome is expressed most clearly.
When symptoms such as vaginal bleeding, high blood pressure, urinary disorders, depression, lumpy breasts and genitals, and many other violations, you must consult your doctor immediately. Since the beginning of menopause a woman should have a pelvic exam at least 1 time per year.
As a result of all this, from a young, active woman you're turning into a wreck. No wonder that in this period increases and the number of divorces. Husbands often begin to gaze at the younger girls. Therefore, women have to prove their worth almost every day.
According to preliminary estimates, by 2015, 46% of women will be in the age range 45-65 years. Researchers believe that the current situation in recent years related to the health of women older than 45 years, is a considerable threat to the health of the entire population of the country and its national security, and as a consequence - a significant economic loss. Therefore, it is safe to say that the problem of menopause is a problem of the entire state.
How to avoid and alleviate the suffering of the climate? The main thing - do not let things take their course.
To remove the acute symptoms of hormone deficiency achieves great success hormone replacement therapy. Such treatment plays an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.
Is also currently very fashionable considered a healthy lifestyle. Many women try to visit gyms, eat right and eat a variety of food additives, vitamins and minerals.