How to read an immunogram

How to read an immunogram
 Immunogram - this is an important diagnostic study, to evaluate the state of human immune system. This method of diagnosis became popular due to its simplicity and painless, as well as the relative accuracy. However, correctly decipher indicators immunograms can only specialist, in fact, from his skill and accuracy depend.  
 Deciphering specific immunogram, you must compare each indicator at intervals of variation over the norm.

If reduced immunological parameters, it shows a decline in immune function. For example, those who suffer from chronic suppurative processes indicated a reduced amount of phagocytic cells and their functional activity, as will be seen on the immunological.

Defective T lymphocytes detected in AIDS. This virus infects T-helper cells, and selectively and markedly reduced amount. On immunological in this case will be noted violation of relations between subpopulations of T-lymphocytes.

This type of research shows not only reduced performance, but also increased. For example, serum IgE class immunoglobulins normally should not be present at all. As a rule, their level is increased in those patients who are allergic or parasitic infestation.

If rising some other indicators, it shows the adaptive response of the body. And the most striking examples are the acute forms of inflammation or infection. In this case, the immunological clearly visible high white blood cell count.

Bacterial infections enhance granulocyte growth in bone marrow. At the same time they are found in the blood of immature forms, the core of which has a rod-shaped.

In the case of viral infections in the blood increases the number of those cells, which are responsible for performing security functions in antiviral immunity.

If the blood increases the level of immunoglobulin IgM and IgG, it implies an active immune response to antigens of infectious agents.

In cases where such a situation is observed in patients who suffer from autoimmune diseases, then it already comes to enhancing self-aggression, it is the action of autoantibodies directed to self-antigens of the organism.

These examples show that the immunogram not give an unambiguous interpretation, but it can be used to specify the defect immunity. Also on the basis of its performance is assigned the corresponding replacement therapy or immunotherapy.

Tags: blood, diagnosis, immunogram