Japanese garden created for contemplation of the world, for unity with nature. There are no catchy parts, everything has a true meaning, for example, secondary elements - pavilions, bridges, gates - made for a special atmosphere of comfort and closeness from the outside world.
The skeleton of a Japanese garden - stones, symbolizing a positive male force. The second important element - water - means life and cleansing, and gurgling streams suggests transience of time and life. Winding paths reminiscent of the journey through life, the transition from one world to another. Trees - the third indispensable attribute of a Japanese garden - symbolize spiritual growth and self-improvement.
Japanese gardens can be of two types, depending on the topography of the site - hilly and flat (Tsukiyama and hiraniva). Garden with irregularities looks more natural, and a large area can combine both types. Organize your own Japanese garden is quite difficult, but it is possible with careful planning.
Stones choose homogeneous, the space between them is filled with sand. Large stone symbolizes the mountain, if the stone is standing upright - he represents a steep hill, small pebbles represent a waterfall, gravel - sea and lake, river pebbles - respectively the river. Most often, the composition consists of an odd number of stones (3-5 pieces).
Pond should be irregular in shape, the same place where it is impossible to arrange, make "dry creek" of stones. Can be placed in the garden fountain, but it should be as quiet.
The most responsible in the unit of a Japanese garden - a selection of plants and trees. They should not be too bright and colorful. Often there are coniferous trees and shrubs - pine, spruce, arborvitae. Excellent fit in the Japanese garden dwarf and creeping bushes. For group compositions using Prunus tomentosa, larch and apple krasnolistnyh. Near the ponds are usually planted irises or host with peonies.
However, in the Japanese garden plants can not be at all, they are only material for the gardener to help see the changing of the seasons and the course of life itself. Note for the Japanese-style garden will have to look carefully - every bush must be in perfect order.
Lighting in the Japanese garden is also important. Each lantern its purpose: in large gardens put high lights, hidden lights mounted near the bowl for washing hands, water illuminate small lights yakimi near trails hidden small flashlights oki-gata.
According to the canons of Japanese art in the garden should be a tea house and a stone bowl for washing hands. Indispensable garden bridge usually has a zigzag shape, symbolizing the difficult way of life of man. Near the gazebo is allowed to hang a bell, but be careful with the details, they should be used very carefully so as not to overload the garden too.