Reasons for the formation of keloid scars still have not identified physicians. Among the most likely factors leading to the formation of keloid tissue at the site of wound healing include:
- Reduced tissue immunity;
- Genetic predisposition;
- Features of the epidermis;
- Infection of the wound during healing.
Keloid scars are bulging tissue outgrowth on the site of wound healing. Surface outgrowth most elastic, rough, significantly above the surface of the skin. Keloids often differs from the normal skin color. In appearance keloid scars remind strongly overgrown irregularly shaped wart and represent a significant cosmetic defect. The growth of the outer, visible part of keloid scars can last for several years after healing of the wound.
However, keloid scars - it's not just a cosmetic defect, but the pain in the scar, itching and burning, tightness and increased sensitivity to tactile keloid tissue influences. Independently keloid scars do not resolve. Moreover, in some cases, even a few years after the damage of the skin, scar can start to form kogteobraznye growths in occupying the surface of the skin. The most susceptible to keloid scar tissue ears, chest, neck and face. And most of keloid scars are formed after these types of skin lesions, as burns.
Treatment of keloids today performed by providing increased pressure at the damaged tissue. This pressure is generated by wearing tight bandage for several months. However, this method is not always is effective. Therefore, in some cases, for the treatment of keloids used hormone therapy. It should also be noted that the presence of the skin keloids specialists, dermatologists, to avoid abnormal proliferation of keloid tissue, are advised not to massage, solarium and the beach, saunas, hot tubs and other thermal treatments.