Only early diagnosis of melanoma is the key to successful treatment. Extremely important time to see a specialist at the slightest degeneration birthmark. Should alert the following symptoms:
- The growth of a mole;
- Changing its shape, asymmetry, blurring of boundaries;
- Increased pigmentation and especially uneven color;
- Itching and soreness;
- Shrinkage, peeling;
- Loss of hair from a mole;
- Superficial ulceration or bleeding.
Transformation of pigment nevi in cancer contributes to their injuries, hormonal changes the body and excessive ultraviolet radiation. The latter two factors have an impact on the appearance of melanoma skin intact. Approximately 40% of patients with malignant melanoma symptoms occur soon after injury birthmarks.
At risk are white-skinned people with red or blond hair, blue eyes and numerous freckles. They quickly burn in the sun, and it contributes to melanoma. Also at risk are people who have relatives with the same tumor and the owners of a large number of moles.
To reduce the risk of skin cancer, including melanoma, it is necessary to protect themselves from the open sun. Daily use of sunscreen should become a habit.
Monthly check the skin for unusual moles, spots, healing ulcers. Pay particular attention to areas at greatest sun exposure - palms, arms and back.
Currently, the medical community believed that the excision of any nevus is a measure of prevention of melanoma. Especially recommended to remove moles, located on the soles, nail bed, in the groin, where they are often exposed to injury.