The benefits of coffee

 Coffee tree belongs to the genus of evergreen trees and shrubs in the family Rubiaceae. Leaves his leathery, dark green and glossy, ranging in length from 5 to 15 cm. Since the age of three coffee tree is covered with small fragrant yellow-white flowers. The fruits ripen during almost the whole year. They come in red, black, black and blue, and sometimes yellow, with juicy and edible pericarp. Each of them has two plano-convex greenish-gray seed. This is the "coffee beans". Adult coffee tree can produce up to 1 kg of grain per year, depending on the quality of the soil, weather and climatic conditions.  

Under the heading Diet: Potato Diet

The genus coffee include 60 species growing in the wild mainly in tropical Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands. About 90% of the coffee consumed in the world, make up the Arabian coffee tree varieties - "Arabica", about 10% - in Liberia ("Liberica") and Congolese ("Robusta"). Grain "Arabica" selection, they contain more caffeine than other varieties, they are more flat and dense.

Flavor, aroma and color of the grain depends on the composition of the soil, the sun and the altitude of the place where the coffee grows. Some people believe that the most best coffees are grown above 900 meters above sea level in the fertile soil with lots of sunshine and warm rains.

The main coffee producing countries are in Africa - Ethiopia, Angola, Uganda, in Asia - India, Indonesia and the Philippines, in America - Colombia, Mexico, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Brazil.

Once the coffee beans reach a certain level of maturity, the best of them collected, and only manually. They are then purified from the husk, washed, dried and sized. For the appearance of the taste of coffee beans in the skins left to ferment in a water bath for 36 hours. Thereafter, they are peeled and they become familiar to all the coffee beans. The next process - drying. The best way - drying grain in the sun, but also applies mechanical drying.

Further processing of the purified green grains roasting is at a temperature of about 200 degrees. At this stage the aromatic properties of coffee that gives the drink a kind, nor incomparable taste and aroma. Caramelization occurs sugar grains, whereby they acquire a dark brown color. In different countries, the coffee beans roasted in different ways, depending on the prevailing traditions. For example, in the US - very little that gives the drink a fruity-sour taste. In some tropical countries, brewed not only grain, but also roasted and milled coffee tree leaves. Strong broiling, adopted in France and Italy, increases strength of the drink. Columbia different light wine taste and strong aroma, it refers to the softer varieties. In India consume coffee strong, bitter varieties.

In addition to the unique flavor that give him more than 600 odorants, coffee contains the necessary human organic acids and alkaloid trigonollin (in the process of roasting these substances are destroyed, releasing B vitamins). Coffee beans contain a lot of valuable macro- and micronutrients. But the most prized coffee because it contained caffeine (0, 3-2, 5%) - the perfect tonic. After a cup of coffee goes fatigue, felt a surge of strength and vigor, accelerated reaction uplifting.

Due to the fact that caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, and especially the cerebral cortex, after taking coffee improves memory. However, people who are prone to anxiety, the effect of caffeine on higher nervous activity may be reversed. The smell of brewed coffee is not exciting, but on the contrary, calms the nervous system.

If from time to time in humans are coughing, after a cup of coffee it will become easier. Caffeine acts as a weak bronchodilator.

Coffee just activates the heart, blood pressure, but it increases slightly, usually after 15-50 minutes after ingestion of coffee the pressure may rise by 15 millimeters of mercury and held at this level for two hours. Those who suffer from hypertension, drinking coffee is not recommended. Only occasionally they can afford to drink one cup in the morning and preferably with milk because milk neutralizes the effect of caffeine.

Coffee is a strong irritant gastric secretion. Therefore, it is not recommended to use in patients with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, especially in the acute stage, acute gastritis, exacerbation of chronic gastritis with normal and elevated secretion of gastric juice. Should refrain from drinking coffee in patients with acute cholecystitis, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis with moderate hepatic impairment, as well as with simultaneous liver and biliary tract, stomach and intestines. Those who suffer from chronic pancreatitis in the acute stage and remission should also abandon the drink.

Good to drink coffee with milk for people with diseases such as chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency, chronic colitis, chronic enteritis in stable remission stage. Black coffee is very useful in acute and chronic bowel diseases, pain in the intestines and swelling.

Coffee reacted with certain drugs. For example, a cup of coffee with a tablet dipyrone enhances and accelerates the anesthetic effect. But the combination of coffee with iron preparations very significantly limits their absorption, which reduces the therapeutic effect.

It is not recommended to combine coffee with alcohol (except for a few drops of cognac) - intoxication can occur very quickly and be very strong.

Lethal dose of caffeine - 10 grams, so it contains about 100 cups of coffee.

Pronounced tonic effect of coffee can, if desired, and relax. For this purpose it is necessary to dilute the milk that actively bind caffeine.

Many experts believe that the consumption per day to 300 mg of caffeine will not harm health. The main thing - do you have any dependence on coffee or not. The fact that this drink many causes physical dependence, and no matter how many people used to drink cups per day - one, three or five. If you have to give it up, it can appear headaches and muscle pain, reduce the overall tone, appearing tired and sleepy. These unpleasant symptoms but soon pass and leave no consequences.

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