The diet of a diabetic must be present complex carbohydrates, polyunsaturated fats. Ensure control over blood sugar can be eaten by scrupulous counting carbohydrates. This so-called grain units, which are very important to distribute the meals.
Proteins on the table number of the first type diabetic should not exceed 20% of the total daily intake, saturated fat intake is reduced to 7% per day. In patients with the second type of diabetes is often observed obesity, so for them the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates should be as follows: 30/30/40, respectively. Such a diet and reducing daily calorie 250-500 kcal allow correct weight.
In order not to complicate their lives counting the number of bread units, you can use the method of dividing plates. One-quarter plate fill starchy foods: potatoes, whole wheat bread or porridge. Second - meat products. A two quarters - non-starchy vegetables, such as peas, spinach. In this case, you can be sure that the optimal amount of carbohydrates.
Diet dietary table on the ninth - 4, 5 times a day. Among the foods that are high in fat may be a vegetable oil, preferably - olive or pumpkin. It is strongly recommended to use animal fats, especially butter. Carbohydrate sources can be vegetables, bread from wheat flour, beans, buckwheat, millet, barley, oat groats. Dietary fiber diabetic can get to and from cottage cheese, seafood, lean fish. It is necessary to limit the consumption of heat-treated vegetables - give preference to raw.
Sweet fruits should be excluded because they can cause sharp fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Bananas can rarely afford, but the grapes exclude all. Excluded from the diet and canned fruit juices and purees.
It is desirable to limit the use of salt, spices, coffee. The latter can be replaced on the basis of the coffee beverage chicory. Every day, drink a glass of broth hips. Alcoholic beverages are best excluded at all, because they can not be combined with drug therapy.