First aid: in the city and in the country

 Extreme situations and extreme the fact that occur unexpectedly. Fainting, burns, wounds ... All this scares and can lead to panic. However, as the famous hero, "Do not panic!", Because there are some unchallenging rules of first aid, we can give ourselves. Indeed, sometimes the simplest actions can avoid severe consequences, alleviate the situation, to save someone's life.

Harm diets

Artificial respiration

Artificial respiration may be used in situations involving both water and land: drowning, suffocation, loss of consciousness, with sunstroke. Of course, the ventilation takes some practice, and then a good idea to practice beforehand, or at least to see how it's done.

But if you look at all so good to imagine what is likely to repeat everything right. So, as advised directories first aid, victim to be laid horizontally to clear his mouth and nose of mucus, water, earth, slime, etc.

Now zaprokinte his head back, and jaw (if compressed) Extend. Place one hand on his forehead injured, and another - on the back of the head, pinch his nose. Taking a deep breath; Do exhale into the mouth of the victim (exhalation should last about one second); such breaths should be done in 16-18 minutes. All you need to do without delay and vigorously.


Loss of consciousness from a few seconds up to 10-15 minutes, occurs when the blood supply of the brain. What you need to do first: put the victim on a flat surface, but the legs should be above your head. Put, for example, under their bag or folded jacket.

Spray your face with cold water. To bring your nose cotton wool soaked with ammonia. If these steps do not help, it's good to provide artificial respiration.


If you get burned free burn area of ​​the body from the clothes (clothes not in any way to shoot and cut!), apply to the wound with a sterile bandage furatsilinom, "Miramistin" or "chlorhexidine". (The latter two drugs have a wide range of activities and help with any skin lesions and mucous from burns and cuts to inflammation). Next let anesthetic.


Accidental poisoning - One of the most common reasons that children, especially young children, are in need of emergency care. Poisoning in a child or an adult is shown by the following signs: sudden unreasoning vomiting, drowsiness, confusion or loss of consciousness, respiratory failure.

What to do in such a case, first of all give the victim a glass of water. If conscious, you can try to induce vomiting. Give patient 3 teaspoons of syrup of ipecac (ipecac) with 2 cups of water or other drink. If vomiting within 20 minutes is not started, repeat the procedure.

When vomiting occurs turn patient on his knees, face down, to prevent choking or getting vomit in the respiratory tract.
Animal bites

First thingthe bite of an animal you must stop the bleeding. Then lubricate the edges of the wound with iodine, brilliant green or "Miramistin", "chlorhexidine". Cover the wound with a sterile dressing. If the animal is wild or unknown (for example, you do not know the dog or cat), then immediately seek medical advice and to make prevention of rabies and tetanus.


Nosebleeds can go and due to shock, and at a pressure drop. Once this happens, sit down, leaning forward slightly. Make sure that you can breathe through the mouth, zaprokinte head and firmly hold both nostrils for about 10 minutes, which will form blood clots that clog the damaged vessel.

Cuts and Scrapes

Bleeding fromsmall cuts and scratches helps cleanse wounds and usually stops spontaneously in a few minutes. To quickly stop the bleeding, press the wound clean piece of cloth, and only then can we handle the cut edge. Do not touch the wound itself - podsohnuv air, it will be delayed much faster than under a thick layer of bandages or ointment.

Closely examine the dimensions of the disaster happened: the incision 1-2 cm requires suturing.

Wipe the skin around the cut edges in the direction of the wound clean cotton swab each time changing it. Apply antiseptic not wound, and used tampon.

Heavy bleeding

From a small wound bleeding stops spontaneously soon, but seriously wounded blood can flow out at such a rate that does not have time to curl. It is therefore necessary to reduce the blood flow in the injured area to faster clotting occurred in the wound. Drag tourniquet above the wound or place firmly onto a piece of tissue in the area of ​​bleeding. Remember the general rule that the injured part of the body, it is desirable to keep the above heart level. Do not try to somehow handle the wound yourself, call your doctor immediately.

Puncture wounds

Puncture wounds more likely to occur due to nails or pieces of glass. Because of the depth of penetration of dirty object such wounds are very dangerous oslozhneniyami- various infections, because the dirt is stored deep in the tissue, and bleeding from such wounds is very small and their purification insufficient. First aid in case - antibiotics that block infection.

These are the rules of first aid. Of course, we want you to avoid situations in which they are needed. But if something were to happen, do not forget about the subsequent step: mandatory seek professional medical advice.

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