Cairo, capital of Egypt, is the largest city on the African continent. Its population is about 15 million. People. In this city, crossed three cultures: ancient Egyptian, Muslim and Christian, one can see many monuments of different eras.
One of the most important sights of Islamic culture - the Citadel, a fortress area of 18 acres, built in the 12th century BC, and located inside a giant mosque of Muhammad Ali to his grave. Huge halls of the mosque, personifying the supremacy of God over man, can accommodate multiple thousands of tourists.
Traces of Christian culture can be traced in the Old Cairo where there are 6 Coptic ("Egyptian") churches, the most original of which is "suspended" church Al Muallyaka, wherein an unusual arrangement. Church of St. Sergius (Abu Serga) built on the site where according to tradition the Virgin Mary with the baby was hiding from King Herod. Church of St. Barbara was founded in honor of the girl, who took the sacrament of Jesus and repudiated the pagan gods, killed for it with his father.
Among the attractions of modern Egyptian capital worth noting "Pharaoh village" architecture which exactly reproduces the dwellings of the time. The village is situated on the island Yaakub, located in the center of the Nile. Daily actors playing everyday life: Cropland made papyrus, baked clay, held worship in ancient Egyptian temple.
Alexandria is the second largest city after the capital. Located in the Nile Delta on the Mediterranean coast, a few centuries it was the capital of the country. Here you can see the interweaving of ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman cultures.
Modern Alexandria - is both a port and resort Museum. 40 kilometers of beaches, a mild climate, than on the coast - in this city may combine a comfortable vacation and sightseeing. Here you can see the tombs of the pharaohs, the Catacombs of Kom ash-Shavkafa, former Egyptian tombs of rulers, the fort Kite Bay, built on the ruins of the Pharos lighthouse.
The ancient city of Luxor, located on both sides of the Nile, and keeps a lot of unsolved mysteries, is located in the heart of the country. The city is rightly called "the largest open-air museum", is still carried out excavations of ancient Egyptian monuments.
There are world-famous attractions such as Luxor Temple and the Tomb of Tutankhamun, the only survivor from looting and vandalism available to visitors. The imposing building of the temple in the evening is complemented with modern lighting. Near the temple is located avenue of sphinxes, two statues of Ramses II and obelisk of red granite, "brother" who was expelled from Egypt by Napoleon and is set to Place de la Concorde in Paris. On the opposite bank of the Nile are the remains of funerary temple of Amenhotep III with the surviving 20-meter statue of Pharaoh seating.