What is sinusitis

What is sinusitis
 In the upper jaw, forming the skeleton of the facial skull in man, is the largest of the paranasal sinuses - maxillary. It is a closed space that with a small hole in communication with the nasal cavity, lined with epithelium, which is similar to the epithelium of the nasal passages. Accordingly, the penetration of infection, especially in case of violation and normal outflow adequate content there is an inflammatory process, called sinusitis.
 According to its downstream acute sinusitis is arising once and completes a full recovery of all functions of the epithelium of the nasal mucosa, or chronic, in which full recovery function sinuses happens - infection persists (there is a constant threat of the spread of infection in the body). Most often, sinusitis occurs against a background of acute viral infection - in rhinitis mucosal edema, which significantly violates or completely stop the outflow of the maxillary sinus, and getting a bacterial infection causes the development of sinusitis.

The main symptom of acute exacerbation of chronic sinusitis or becomes nasal congestion, pain and heaviness in the corresponding half of the face, profuse discharge from the corresponding nasal passage mucous or muco-purulent character. Usually a few days after the start of SARS symptoms of rhinitis at some time are reduced, and then begins the second wave of the disease - so develop acute sinusitis.

In chronic sinusitis symptoms appear smaller, nevertheless, it may occur almost simultaneously with the appearance of symptoms of viral disease. In addition, patients complain of marked malaise, fever, fatigue, headache.

When these symptoms obligatory consultation qualified otolaryngologist, who during the inspection finds probable signs of sinusitis - swelling of the nasal mucosa, the expiration of mucopurulent or purulent content from the affected sinus. To confirm the diagnosis necessarily conduct X-ray examination of the paranasal sinuses, clinical and biochemical studies.

Treatment of sinusitis have to be assigned a doctor and carried out under his supervision. Punctures the wall of the maxillary sinus, so popular in the past, today is used very rarely, only when there are serious indications. In the treatment of sinusitis are widely used tools to improve the outflow of the contents of the maxillary sinuses (vasoconstrictor drops), antibiotics, anti-inflammatories. At the same time appointed restorative therapy and physiotherapy, which significantly speeds up recovery time.

Effective prevention of sinusitis becomes timely treatment of inflammatory processes in the nasal cavity and SARS, against which most often develops this disease.

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