- Front, who are in the eyebrows, above the eyes;
- Maxillary inside the upper jaw;
- Ethmoidal located between the eyes and behind the nose;
- Sphenoid which are beyond ethmoidal sinuses.
Each sinus cavity opens into the nose, to the mucus and air can pass freely. Therefore, in contact with any infection in the nasal cavity and sinuses are affected. For symptoms the doctor can determine which sinuses are inflamed. If the patient present headache, appear purulent nasal discharge, pain is felt in the upper jaw and teeth, then struck the maxillary sinuses (maxillary). When there is inflammation of the ethmoidal sinuses become swollen soft tissue around the eyes may cause pain between the eyes, partially broken nose. With the defeat of the frontal sinus, a person experiences a headache that is more localized in the forehead. Least likely affected sphenoid. At the same time hurt the ears, neck and top of the head. Weakness, fever, stuffy nose accompanied by any kind of sinusitis.
In addition to infections and viruses can trigger the disease fungal infections; allergic reactions, such as pollen; immunodeficiency states; asthma; smoking; cold damp climate and others. Also, this disease can be caused by taking certain medicinal drugs.
Treatment should be strictly under medical supervision. The doctor prescribes a decongestant sprays and drops. Also with antibiotics. In some cases, the disease is treated by means of drainage puncture surgical intervention. Considered to be the most effective method of combining antibiotics and puncture.