Pneumonia symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Pneumonia symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
 Pneumonia is an acute lung disease, which is characterized by symptoms of respiratory tract infection (fever, cough, chest pain, etc.) and radiological signs of changes in the lungs.

Engage in self can not be required to call a doctor or go home in an ambulance. Ill with pneumonia - pneumonia - is not difficult. Disease transmitted by airborne droplets, appears after some time, usually 3-4 days.

The main role is played by the infection of various microorganisms such as pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci. Pathogens may be some viruses, mycoplasmas et al. Inflammation of the lungs can get sick after SARS, influenza, against the background of various immunological disorders, which are caused by the occurrence of chronic respiratory tract infections (such as tonsillitis, sinusitis, etc.). The most dangerous complications of pneumonia are pleurisy, lung abscess.

Pneumonia usually begins suddenly. First, a person feels a slight indisposition, and then the body temperature rises to 39-40 degrees and holds regardless of the antipyretics, against which there is a strong fever, it gets cold. Greater put to bed and blanket harbor. Cough first appears very dry, later appears viscous sputum. Acute pain when breathing, usually on the side of the affected lung in the chest, which increases even with a weak cough. Breathing from the beginning of the disease observed rapid, as if the surface, the skin on the face and body becomes cyanotic hue. Also, there is a general weakness, profuse sweating, sleep is constantly interrupted. Often the disease is accompanied by severe headache, dyspnea, nausea and even vomiting.

Diagnosis is based on the patient's complaints, the external examination by a doctor and X-ray examination. When pneumonia becomes protracted, lasting more than 14 days, the doctor prescribes additional studies, such as bronchoscopy, sputum-smear, etc. According to the test results, decide on further treatment. Treatment is usually carried out in stationary conditions. But with milder forms of the disease can be carried out therapy at home. Appointed by the mandatory bed rest, a special diet, drink plenty of liquids at room temperature, antibiotics, anti-drugs, thinning mucus suspensions, etc.

Pneumonia of moderate severity necessary restriction of fats, carbohydrates and salt. It is recommended to include in the diet of foods with a high content of calcium. You also need to take vitamins. To reduce intoxication appointed plenty of warm drinks, especially drinks that are high in vitamins C and A.

Be sure to eat yogurt, bifidok, serum and other products that contribute to the normalization of intestinal microflora and intestinal activity. After a detrimental effect on the gastrointestinal tract has antibiotics. There are the best 5-6 times a day, eat food cooked by steaming, cutlets, fish and vegetable purees.

In severe pneumonia in the first few days of illness preferred liquid food (soups, broths, soups), sweet tea with herbs and juices.

At the first sign of improvement and the emergence of appetite injected meat sauce, boiled eggs, cottage cheese, can be given baked apples and pears, and others.

In less severe disease shows a healthy diet with plenty of vitamins, calcium, and with the exception of indigestible and very fatty foods. You can make a compress of cabbage leaves that heat is applied to the body and remove as it cools. Procedure should be carried out in the afternoon to monitor the temperature of the leaves.

If time does not begin treatment, you can get serious complications resulting, in particular, to death. Sometimes doctors prescribe a CT scan, a study conducted at treatment failure, the protracted nature of the disease. Based on a result can be diagnosed with tuberculosis.

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