Most disease occurs in older women. Its cause may be smoking, ultraviolet radiation, lack of certain vitamins and minerals in the diet, poor circulation in the vessels of the eye, diabetes, elevated cholesterol levels in the blood. The disease can be transferred and inherited.
Symptom of macular degeneration is considered the deterioration of central vision. Objects have a distorted view. There is a sensitivity to light. In some cases, patients complain of a black spot in the center of the field of view.
Macular degeneration treatment is carried out by several methods. Local therapy is the use of drugs that protect the eye tissues, strengthens the vascular wall. They are used in the form of tablets or injection under the conjunctiva of the eyeball. Also used photodynamic therapy. The patient is given a drug that increases light absorption in the formed receptacles, and then, at the newly formed vascular membrane behind the retina, the laser is directed. New blood flows thrombosing, bleeding stop, vision is restored.