Pertubatsiya consists in introducing air into the fallopian tube via a special apparatus. The air pressure increases gradually, it should not exceed 24 kPa (180 mm Hg. Art.). The survey results are evaluated by indicators pertubatsionnogo pressure, the amount of air introduced, according to auscultation bilaterally and the presence frenikussimptoma.
Gidrotubatsiya is to introduce liquid into the fallopian tubes. Conditions for carrying out the same as for the previous method. The procedure gives less complications than pertubatsiya, but it does not allow to register perilstatiku fallopian tubes. Complications may include collapse, breaks the fallopian tubes, gas embolism, etc. For the study, the women have to go to hospital.
Hysterosalpingography consists in introducing into the uterus of the contrast agents, followed by X-rays. With this method, the study can reveal not only the degree of tubal patency, but also to obtain information about the topical diagnosis of certain disorders, as well as the relief of the mucous membrane of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Very often prescribe laparoscopy. The method is based on the introduction into the uterus of a colored aqueous solution by puncturing the abdominal cavity. Sterile optical instrument introduced into the cavity only after appropriate preparation and control. Perform the procedure in a hospital under the supervision of a gynecologist.
According to the results of surveys conclude tubal patency and prescribe a treatment that can be performed on an outpatient basis.