The first symptoms of hemorrhoids are: discomfort, itching, burning, mucus from the anal canal. As the disease internal nodes drop out, the act of defecation causes pain and heavy bleeding that leads to anemia and overall exhaustion.
At the first sign of hemorrhoids or manifestations of discomfort in the rectal area should immediately consult a doctor proctologist to undergo a full medical examination and receive treatment recommendations.
The methods of examination are rectoscopy, colonoscopy, barium enema, inspection using palpation, anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy. Treatment is prescribed on the basis of the survey results. The sooner it is started, the less will be the consequences of and indications for surgical intervention.
If the disease is diagnosed, the first doctor may prescribe diet conducive to the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract and systematic defecation. The patient should take plenty of fluids and foods rich in natural fibers and fiber. A beneficial effect on bowel function seaweed, flax seed, wheat bran, psyllium seeds.
In addition, treatment of hemorrhoids is performed using drugs relieve pain, itching and inflammation. Assign suppositories, ointments, microclysters. Be sure to designate funds for the normalization of intestinal microflora, the contractile function of the colon, enzymatic means, venous drugs. If a patient is concerned about the severe pain, the doctor will prescribe pain relievers combined local pharmaceuticals' Gepatrombin F "," Proktoglivenol "," Aurobin. "
In the presence of thrombosis, and it is almost always present, prescribe heparin or trokserutinovuyu ointment. Heavy bleeding was stopped by the introduction into the rectum or fibrinogen thrombin which form a fibrin film and help prevent and stop the abundant blood loss.
In the early stages of the disease is used sclerotherapy and infrared photocoagulation. In the later stages of nodes bandage latex rings to prevent loss. If all the methods applied did not have a positive effect, surgical treatment with excision of nodes.