Depression, according to VM Bleicher, characterized by depressed mood, mental and motor retardation, severe pessimism, negative assessment itself. To her symptoms also include anxiety, insomnia, appetite disorders. It should be noted that postpartum depression is atypical in that it has a very low percentage of suicide. It usually occurs on the third or tenth day after birth, there is a standard for about two weeks, although it can stretch out and for a long time.
Many see postpartum depression as a normal phenomenon because of its prevalence and spontaneous disappearance. The main cause of postpartum depression according to the doctors is a sudden and severe hormonal changes. The sharp decline in estrogen - the female sex hormone - leads to disruption of the functioning of the nervous and endocrine systems. Normally, they work quickly stabilized, but prolonged postpartum depression requires medication.
There are specific factors predisposing to depression after the birth of the child:
- First pregnancy;
- Depression in the past;
- Close relatives suffering from depressive disorders;
- The age of 25-34 years;
- Low socio-economic status of the mother;
- Severe course of pregnancy;
- Lack of support for the family.
Found an association between the presence of depression in the mother feeding baby breast milk, and its development. These children are either overly excitable, or vice versa - sluggish and passive. This disturbed the normal physical interaction with the mother, which then necessarily affect the psyche of the child. In the case of prolonged depression for the benefit of the child gave birth to a woman shows medical intervention.